L-Taurine is an amino acid found within the body that is manufactured by other amino acids. Specifically, L-taurine is produced by methionine, cysteine, and vitamin B6. Individuals who are at risk for a deficiency of L-Taurine, include vegetarians and women of all ages. It is believed that women are more at risk for a L-Taurine deficiency, because of the presence of female hormones that restrict the production of L-Taurine within the body. Vegetarians tend to be at risk for lower levels of L-Taurine because it is commonly found in food sources, such as meat and dairy products, which are not included in the vegetarian diet. One of the benefits that have been associated with L-Taurine, is a reduction of heart disease risk. This is thought to be due to the fact that L-Taurine is responsible for maintaining a normal output of potassium from the heart muscles. L-Taurine also works to break down fat within the body by producing bile. It is also thought that L-Taurine may have benefits for individuals who suffer from diabetes, because this amino acid can affect the body’s sugar levels and need for insulin. L-Taurine is also thought to have antioxidant properties, which means that it can root out harmful free radicals contained within the body. Further uses of L-Taurine that have been noted include: treatment for depression, cirrhosis, low sperm count, and low sperm motility, as well as control of high blood pressure. The therapeutic uses of L-Taurine have been applied to children with Down’s syndrome, individuals who suffer from short-term memory disorders, and eye disease. On average most people only get from 40 to 400 mg a day. Clinical studies show you need at least 1,500 to 3,000 mg for the anti-aging benefits. To get those levels you have to take a supplement. Fortunately, taurine supplements are low-cost and have no side effects. As always, however, it is wise for anyone with special conditions or taking other prescribed medications to consult their physicians before adding taurine supplements to their daily regimens. Additionally, women who are pregnant or nursing should consult their physicians before adding taurine supplements